People experience the island of Korcula in different ways, depending on whether they live there, come there on business, or come for a holyday and would like to learn about the beauty of its countryside, its culture and its monuments.
People who were born on the island or who live and work there will see it through completely different eyes than guests on a short visit, who take the memory of what they saw and experienced back with them.
The central-Dalmatian island of Korcula stretches parallel with the nearby mainland in the west-east direction. It is 46.8 km long, its average width is 5.3 to 7.8 km, it covers an area of 270 km2, and is the sixth largest Adriatic island. The Peljesac Channel, which separates it from Peljesac peninsula, is 1,270 m wide at its narrowest point.
The island has a very mild Mediterranean climate. Mean temperatures are rather high: the mean annunal temperature is 16.8°C, in the coldest month of January it is 9.1°C, in the hottest month of July 26.9°C. Daily and annual temperature differences are small, whitch is very favourable for agriculture and tourism. There are many hours of sunlight, 2,700 and 41 day of rain in whole year.
It is almost always windy in the Peljesac Channel. In summer the refreshing western maestral usually blows, good for windsurfing. The great place to start windsurfing is in beautiful bay of Vrbovica, bay exits to Peljeski Channel.
The city of Korcula lies beside the sea on the north-east end of the island. The old medieval part of the city was build on a small oval peninsula, a Baroque suburb spreads under the old city walls, and newer town quarters stretch along the shore to the east and west of the old centre.
The 10th century Byzantine historian Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus was the first to mention a medieval city on the island of Korcula. What remains of the old city walls, decorations, and most of all archive document, show that a walled city existed on this site in the 13th century. It had squares and streets, churches, public buildings and houses. This was the time when the Venetian Zorzi family ruled, and of frequent changes in administration, so the city walls other buildings were probably often damaged. Over the centuryes in Korcula town it is strongly developing stone work and shipbuilding. In the 15th century Korcula was thus gradually almost completely transformed from a humble settlement into a city with a pronunced character and style.
Today the city has about 3,000 inhabitants, most of them living in new parts of the city.
Korcula has maintained the tradition of preforming knightly games. The best known is the 'moreska', a spectacular dynamic fighting dance with swords witch has been preformed in the town of Korculafor more than four hundred years.
As well as the 'moreska' the island keeps two other knightly games alive: in Vela Luka, Pupnat, Cara, Blato and Smokvica, the 'kumpanija', and the 'mostra' in Zrnovo. These are also war-dances with swords, accompanied by the melodious music of bagpipes. The Festival of Sword Dances takes place in Korcula every year in the summer season, and the Moreska once a week.